One of the most important settlements of Aegean during the 3d millennium b.C. Is at the eastern coast of Lemnos, on a hill
that is protected from the bay of Vroskopos and is surrounded by the rivers Avlaki and Stenoudiako.
Poliochni considered as one of the biggest centers of Aegean and its development has to do with the commercial role that had with the rest Aegean islands, Minor Asia coasts, continental Greece and Cycladic islands.
The structural stages of the prehistoric settlement of Poliochni cover the thirdall the 3d millennium b.C. The city of the yellow period destructed from natural cause, from earthquake probably. The city abandoned for many years and reacted during the 2d millennium b.C. Today is a completely organized archaeological sight.
Kaveirio or Temple of Kaveirio is archaeological area in Lemnos. Contemporary people name it Kaveiria. Discovered by L. Bernarbo Brea in Chloe cape at the area of Ifesteia and excavated by the Italian Archaeological School of Athens between 1937-39. From 1982 excavations and researches keep on. The temple was protected with a long wall by the land, a wall that was hiding it from the sight of everybody.
The main buildings were the initiation rooms and through these rooms the "sacred" were revealed. The relics are saved on two open and flat spaces, supported with holds by the seaside. At the north open and flat area, the relics of a big Hellenistic building, where ceremonies were taking place, are saved.
Under the bedrocks of the sacred rooms, relics of older buildings and temples have found and belong to the 8th and 7th century b.C. To the Classic and Helenistic era belong ceramic items and things that were used to ceremonies.
Ifesteia was the base of ancient-greek religion on the island.
Patron of the city was the god Ifestos and the place took the same name.
Very important port, built by Pelasgous on a peninsula. Ifesteia was the base of ancient-greek religion on the island.
Patron of the city was the god Ifestos and the place took the same name
Very important port, built by Pelasgous on a peninsula. Excavations brought in light a temple dedicated to the great Goddess Lemnos, baths, a building-palace that was the labyrinth of the island, shafts and a theatre that belongs to the Hellenistic period.
Weapons, golden items, idols and vessels of local style. The founds reveal the commercial relationship with all the aegean islands and some areas in Macedonia. Vessels, red color, Corinthian and Attic, show the relationship with the continental Greece.
Koukonisi or Nisaki is an oval islet-holm Northern East of Moudros, of 140 acres area and 10m high. From the other coast, is separated by a flat (not deep) sea of 400 meters width, that sometimes is drained and create a slushy peninsula.
From the excavations that have done, Koukonisi used to be a quite developed settlement with long history from the Early to the Next Copper Era. Some Mycenaean findings reveal the existence of Greek tribes in Lemnos. Also vessels coming from continental Greece have found, probably from Thessaly.
Draining system and fortification wall show that the community was well organized, similar to Polioxni and Myrina. The walls around the settlement indicates that the settlements did not have always harmonic relationships.
Apart from the rural and cattle-breeding activity, Koukonisi had homemade and small industrial activity, like wool treatment, weaving, fabric dye, pottery and copper craft. The inhabitants had commercial relationships with Cyclades, Minoan Crete, Thessaly and other areas as indicate the weights of south Aegean and Near East type.